Power and Cruelty in the Crucible By: This play, still staged today, is a fictional retelling of events in American History surrounding the Salem witch trials of the seventeenth century.
With the war going badly in Korea and communist advances in Eastern Europe and in China, the American public were genuinely frightened about the possibilities of internal subversion. McCarthy, as chairman of the Government Committee on Operations of the Senate, was in an ideal position to exploit this situation.
Joe McCarthy McCarthy investigated various government departments and questioned a large number of people about their political past.
Some people lost their jobs after they admitted they had been members of the Communist Party.
McCarthy made it clear to the witnesses The crucible and mccarthyism paralleled the only way of showing that they had abandoned their left-wing views was by naming other members of the party. McCarthy promoted unfounded accusations and suspicions of communism in many quarters, most prominently within the entertainment industry through the House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC.
HUAC investigated communism within Hollywood, calling a number of playwrights, directors and actors known for left-wing views to testify. Some of these, including film director Elia Kazan, testified for the committee to avoid prison sentences, but the Hollywood Ten, a group of entertainers, refused to testify and were convicted of contempt and sentenced to up to one year in prison.
The Rosenbergs were executed as Communist spies during the McCarthy era Over three hundred other entertainers were placed on a blacklist for possible communist views and were thus forbidden to work for major Hollywood studios many of these were writers who worked under pseudonyms at the time, including Dalton Trumbo and Michael Wilson.
Arthur Miller was one of these blacklisted. The blacklist prevented these men from receiving screen credit during this time, until actor Kirk Douglas pushed for Trumbo to receive screen credit for his adaptation of Spartacus for Stanley Kubrick inthus finally breaking the blacklist.
He began writing at a very early age and by the time he graduated from the University of Michigan, he had begun to receive recognition as a playwright. InMiller wrote The Crucible.
In order to vocalize his criticism, he selected an era in American history—the Salem Witch trials of —which paralleled the McCarthy era Miller was refused a passport by the State Department to attend the opening of The Crucible in Brussels in He was convicted of contempt of Congress in He also married Marilyn Monroe in !
The conviction was overturned by a higher court in The Crucible The Crucible is a play about religious and political repression. Dissenters are rooted out, conformity is enforced.
In Salem, a group of young girls had begun accusing various townspeople of witchcraft. As in the case of being accused of being a communist, the accused in Salem had a difficult time proving their innocence. The examination of a witch in Salem Miller used actual historical events and people as the basis of his play.
No one can really know what their lives were like. They did not celebrate Christmas and a holiday from work meant only that they must concentrate even more on prayer. Salem was peopled by Puritans who were very religious and strict.
They had come to Massachusetts to escape religious persecution in England. The Salem Environment The seeds of the hysteria that afflicted Salem Village, Massachusetts were sown in January when a group of young girls began to display bizarre behavior.
The tight-knit community was at a loss to explain the convulsive seizures, blasphemous screaming, and trance-like states that afflicted the youngsters. The physicians called in to examine the girls could find no natural cause of the disturbing behavior. If the source of the affliction was not attributable to a physical malady, the community reasoned that it must be the work of Satan.
Witches had invaded Salem. His daughter Betty had gone into a trance for which the doctor had no explanation. Reverend Parris Parris organized prayer meetings and days of fasting in an attempt to alleviate Betty's symptoms. Parris did what he could to support Betty and other seemingly afflicted girls, including beating his servant, Tituba, into confessing, and fanning the flames of witchcraft suspicions from his pulpit.
Once the witchcraft hysteria ran its course, dissatisfaction with Parris grew and intensified New Englanders did not invent belief in witchcraft. The first Papal Bull against witchcraft was issued in the 15th century, and in England three separate acts were directed against witches over the next years, making witchcraft a felony, without benefit of clergy.
In the play, Miller creates a relationship between Abigail and John Proctor in order to explain why she accused so many people.
The world, redeemed from superstition's sway, Is breathing freer for thy sake today. So, when before the Magistrates for trial he did come, He would no true confession make, but was completely dumb.Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.
Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.. For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get . Socialism b. McCarthyism c. Puritanism d. Capitalism 4) The Crucible mostly informs the reader about which of the following?
a. Puritan lifestyle b. during the Salem Witch Trials? a. 18 b. 19 c. 20 d. 21 7) The Crucible was about the hysteria of witchcraft which paralleled what of the ’s?
a. Communism b. The Red Scare c. Blacklists d. The Crucible by Authur Miller investigates the effects of hysteria, superstitions and repression on the Salem Community in the late 's.
Author Miller, was born in New York City and graduated from Abraham High School in Brooklyn, New York. A Salem resident attempts to frame her ex-lover's wife for being a witch in the middle of the witchcraft trials/10(32). Arthur Miller - Sample Essay ‘The Crucible’ by Arthur Miller was first produced in in the middle of the McCarthy political ‘witch-hunt’, and was made to show ‘the essential nature of one of the strangest and most awful chapters in human history,’ making it a political parable.
McCarthyism was a time from the s to the early s when the idea of communist was frighteningly real to many people.
During this time, there were many accusations of people supporting communism which led to them being put on trials.
One parallel that I find between McCarthyism and The Crucible.