The clouded leopard

With the last confirmed sighting dating back toit is now considered extinct. Most of the information has been derived studying the specimens in captivity.

The clouded leopard

The smallest of the big cats, they are secretive and rare in the wild, preferring to remain alone and hidden from view. Because of this, studying them is a unique challenge, and while we know much from watching cats in captivity, these two species of cat remain elusive and poorly understood.

Clouded Leopard Taxonomy While all species of cats are closely related and classified as one family, the Felidae, genetic research has shown the clouded leopard to be more closely related to the large cat species than smaller cats.

The clouded leopard

Thus, clouded leopards are considered a member of the Pantherinae - a subfamily of the Felidae The clouded leopard that also includes lions, tigers, jaguars, leopards, and snow leopards. While they are known as clouded leopards, cloudies are not directly related to normal leopards.

Untilthere was thought to be a single clouded leopard species.

The clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, is an endangered semiarboreal felid with a wide distribution in tropical forests of southern and southeast Asia, including the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in the Indonesian archipelago. The Clouded Leopard is the smallest of the big cats and is not a close relative to the plombier-nemours.com Asian feline is an evolutionary bridge between the small cats and the big cats. Studying these solitary carnivores is still an obscure topic for the scientists mostly because of their natural inclination of living concealed from view. An introduction to The Ocelot and Margay and Other Rare Wild Cats Including Caracal, Clouded Leopard, Black Footed Cat, Fishing Cat and Iberian Lynx.

However, recent genetic and morphological research has shown that there are two distinct species. The cats on mainland Asia and Taiwan kept the traditional species name Neofelis nebulosa while the cats from Borneo and Sumatra took the name the Sunda clouded leopard Neofelis diardi.

Furthermore, this also changed the number of subspecies. All nebulosa subspecies have been combined into one group, while the diardi populations seem to be split into two subspecies: Ever since then the two species have not met nor interbre.

In fact, even though they may look similar, genetically a clouded leopard is more different to its sister species than a lion is to a tiger! The majority of clouded leopard pictures are from mainland nebulosa individuals, meaning that photos of the Sunda clouded leopard are much more rare.

Wild Sunda clouded leopards were only first caught on video in early Habitat and Distribution Clouded leopards primarily live in lowland tropical rainforests, but can also be found in dry woodlands and secondary forests. They have been spotted at elevations up to feet in the Himalayan mountains.

However, this range has shrunk due to habitat destruction and human poaching. Description and Adaptations Clouded leopards are a medium-sized cat named for the cloud-like spots on its coat. These provide camouflage in the dappled light of its forest habitat. The cats usually stand inches cm tall and are 4 to 6 feet 1.

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Males tend to be larger and weigh up to 50 pounds 23 kgwhile females rank in at about 35 pounds 16 kg. Clouded leopards can live to about 17 years old in captivity. Fitting for an arboreal creature, clouded leopards are one of the best climbers in the cat family.

They are able to climb upside down underneath tree branches, hang from branches with their hind feet, and even descend head first, like a squirrel. Several adaptations allow clouded leopards to achieve these amazing arboreal skills.

Their legs are short and stout, providing leverage and a low center of gravity.

Clouded Leopard Information, Facts, Habitat, Adaptations, Baby, Pictures

For grip their large paws are armed with sharp claws and specialized padding that conforms to the shape of the branch4. The hind feet possess flexible ankle joints that allow the foot to rotate backwards as well.

Another distinctive feature of the clouded leopard is its long canine teeth and unusual skull. The clouded leopard has the longest upper canine teeth for its skull size of any modern carnivore, causing some people to compare the cat with the extinct saber-toothed cat.

In fact, studies by Dr. Both saber toothed cats and clouded leopards have an enormous gape, around degrees, and various adaptations to support such a gape. In contrast a modern lion can open its mouth about 65 degrees. This could indicate that one lineage of modern cats, of which now only the clouded leopard is still present, evolved some adaptations in common with the true saber-toothed cats.

It also indicates that the clouded leopard may hunt large prey in the wild in a slightly different manner from other great cats. Saber-toothed cats would bite prey through the neck, using their elongated teeth to sever nerves and blood vessels and strangle the windpipe, which would instantly kill the prey.

This was a very different hunting technique from living big cats, which use a throat or muzzle grip to suffocate the prey. It is possible that clouded leopards use a similar technique. However, little is known about clouded leopard hunting strategies and no current evidence points to an unusual feeding ecology5.The Clouded Leopard is the smallest of the big cats and is not a close relative to the plombier-nemours.com Asian feline is an evolutionary bridge between the small cats and the big cats.

Studying these solitary carnivores is still an obscure topic for the scientists mostly because of their natural inclination of living concealed from view. The clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, is an endangered semiarboreal felid with a wide distribution in tropical forests of southern and southeast Asia, including the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in the Indonesian archipelago.

Sep 02,  · Category People & Blogs; Song Living Earth; Artist Terry Devine-King; Album ANW - African, Ethnic, Wildlife; Licensed to YouTube by. The majority of clouded leopard pictures are from mainland nebulosa individuals, meaning that photos of the Sunda clouded leopard are much more rare.

Wild Sunda clouded leopards were only first caught on video in early The majority of clouded leopard pictures are from mainland nebulosa individuals, meaning that photos of the Sunda clouded leopard are much more rare. Wild Sunda clouded leopards were only first caught on video in early An introduction to The Ocelot and Margay and Other Rare Wild Cats Including Caracal, Clouded Leopard, Black Footed Cat, Fishing Cat and Iberian Lynx.

Clouded Leopard Conservation