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A common element in the motivation of character and a dominant motif in contemporary fiction, the psychological and aesthetic qualities of fear have demanded the attention of literary critics since classical antiquity. Generally, critics see the specifics of literary fear both as a function of historical time and as a constant feature aroused by the human dread of the unknown or unknowable.
The latter sort of fear has since been largely identified with the term Gothic, which was culled from the eighteenth-century vogue of the romantic novel of terror in a medieval setting. Popularized by such writers as Ann Radcliffe and Matthew "Monk" Lewis, the Gothic novel gave way to the modern genre of horror fiction with its ubiquitous treatment of supernatural forces that conspire to victimize and destroy human beings.
Writers in this vein exploit what have become stock effects—the physical isolation of the protagonist, suspense and misdirection, and the introduction of a shadowy "other" or mysterious evil—to excite readers.
A parallel line of development in the literature of fear is illustrated by the work of Edgar Allan Poe, in which psychological aberration coupled with an evocation of the uncanny and the macabre play the primary roles in creating an atmosphere of terror.
The sensationalism of Gothic horror fiction does not account for the totality of that which is fear-inducing in literature. Critics observe in the modern period a literature of anxiety that draws its impetus from the cultural moment, such as the concrete fears of wartime dramatized in Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage or in Jean-Paul Sartre's "Le mur" "The Wall".
Additionally, neurotic fears that may exist as part of the ordinary psychological make-up of everyone in many ways characterize the literature of the modern era. This tendency is perhaps no more clearly expressed than in the novels and short stories of Franz Kakfa, works that dramatize an all-consuming anxiety created by the emotional isolation of a bureaucratic age.Mar 15, · The Gothic literature genre began with the publication of Horace Walpole's novel entitled, "The Castle of Otranto" in (Gothic Experience ).
The term "Gothic" connotes the "medieval style" that Walpole uses in his novel (Guran ). Analyzing Philosophical Ideas In Gothic Literature English Literature Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, I will also explore the way in which Walpole evokes fear in the reader through his use of setting, and the effects they have along with Shelley's presentation of Frankenstein and the monster.
In Frankenstein, the.
Essay on Frankenstein as Gothic Literature. Words 15 Pages. Gothic novel' and compare it with Shelley's work. The Gothic Theme In Frankenstein Essay examples Words | 6 Pages. The term Gothic refers to a genre that came about in the late eighteenth century.
It can be a type of story, clothing, or music nowadays. - Comparison of The Red Room, The Signalman and The Ostler A gothic story is a type of romantic fiction that existed in English Literature in the last third of the 18th century and the first two decades of the 19th century, the setting for which was usually a ruined gothic castle of Abbey.
From this novel, gothic fiction developed and flourished, becoming a significant literary genre that inspired famous works such as Frankenstein, Dracula and Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Gothic texts share the central theme of horror, and incorporate elements of romanticism to create a dark, mysterious atmosphere and evoke feelings of fear within the reader.
Gothic Elements Found In Literature English Literature Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, from the role of women to a specific theme. However, different books and different authors present them the unequal ways.
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