Kohlberg's theory of moral developmentwhich is heavily influenced by Piaget's theory and Kantian ethics, is an attempt to universalize ethics in an era when moral relativism has the popular vote. The theory which will not be covered in detail involves three moral levels, each of which includes two developmental stages six stages in total. These levels are the Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional.
Kohlberg has focused on moral development and has proposed a stage theory of moral thinking which goes well beyond Piaget's initial formulations. Kohlberg, who was born ingrew up in Bronxville, New York, and attended the Andover Academy in Massachusetts, a private high school for bright and usually wealthy students.
He did not go immediately to college, but instead went to help the Israeli cause, in which he was made the Second Engineer on an old freighter carrying refugees from parts of Europe to Israel.
After this, inhe enrolled at the University of Chicago, where he scored so high on admission tests that he had to take only a few courses to earn his bachelor's degree.
This he did in one year. He stayed on at Chicago for graduate work in psychology, at first thinking he would become a clinical psychologist. However, he soon became interested in Piaget and began interviewing children and adolescents on moral issues.
The result was his doctoral dissertation athe first rendition of his new stage theory. Kohlberg is an informal, unassuming man who also is a true scholar; he has thought long and deeply about a wide range of issues in both psychology and philosophy and has done much to help others appreciate the wisdom of many of the "old psychologists," such as Rousseau, John Dewey, and James Mark Baldwin.
Kohlberg has taught at the University of Chicago and, sincehas been at Harvard University. Children younger than 10 or 11 years think about moral dilemmas one way; older children consider them differently. As we have seen, younger children regard rules as fixed and absolute.
They believe that rules are handed down by adults or by God and that one cannot change them. The older child's view is more relativistic. He or she understands that it is permissible to change rules if everyone agrees.
Rules are not sacred and absolute but are devices which humans use to get along cooperatively. At approximately the same time or 11 years--children's moral thinking undergoes other shifts. In particular, younger children base their moral judgments more on consequences, whereas older children base their judgments on intentions.
When, for example, the young child hears about one boy who broke 15 cups trying to help his mother and another boy who broke only one cup trying to steal cookies, the young child thinks that the first boy did worse.
The child primarily considers the amount of damage--the consequences--whereas the older child is more likely to judge wrongness in terms of the motives underlying the act Piaget,p.
There are many more details to Piaget's work on moral judgment, but he essentially found a series of changes that occur between the ages of 10 and 12, just when the child begins to enter the general stage of formal operations.
Intellectual development, however, does not stop at this point. This is just the beginning of formal operations, which continue to develop at least until age Part One:The criticisms of Kohlberg's moral development stages seem to center around three major points, his research methods, the "regression" of stage four, and finally his plombier-nemours.com first criticism that I would like to address is that of his research methods.
Kohlberg is often criticized for not. Read the moral wisdom of An introduction to the criticism of hohlbergs moral development st thomas an more an introduction to the life of thomas more about the book. Kohlberg’s Theory covers the moral development stages of an individual and I think this theory is a huge help for a person, especially those who have children.
Kohlberg’s theory may serve as guide on how a parent would treat their child’s behaviour. Good behavior is that which pleases others in the immediate group or which brings approval. The person values trust, caring and loyalty to others as the basis of moral judgments.
as a “good girl” or “good boy” in front of those who are close to you. because it will make me look cool in front of my friends. Moral Development According to Life Span (), moral development requires a complex interweaving of emotions, cognitions, and behaviors (Broderick & Blewitt, , p.
). There are two major theories of moral development: Piaget's and Kohlberg's. Lawrence Kohlberg: An Introduction. This introductory text examines the life and work of Lawrence Kohlberg (), who was one of the key figures in generating theories of human development.