He was only 18 when, against the advice of his stepfather and others, he decided to take up this perilous inheritance and proceeded to Rome. The Senate, encouraged by Cicero, broke with Antony, called upon Octavius for aid granting him the rank of senator in spite of his youthand joined the campaign of Mutina Modena against Antony, who was compelled to withdraw to Gaul. Today, however, he is habitually described as Octavian until the date when he assumed the designation Augustus.
A 22k text-only version is available for download. Translated by Thomas Bushnell, BSG A copy below of the deeds of the divine Augustus, by which he subjected the whole wide earth to the rule of the Roman people, and of the money which he spent for the state and Roman people, inscribed on two bronze pillars, which are set up in Rome.
In my nineteenth year, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the domination of a faction.
For that reason, the senate enrolled me in its order by laudatory resolutions, when Gaius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius were consuls 43 B. With me as propraetor, it ordered me, together with the consuls, to take care lest any detriment befall the state.
But the people made me consul in the same year, when the consuls each perished in battle, and they made me a triumvir for the settling of the state.
I drove the men who slaughtered my father into exile with a legal order, punishing their crime, and afterwards, when they waged war on the state, I conquered them in two battles.
I often waged war, civil and foreign, on the earth and sea, in the whole wide world, and as victor I spared all the citizens who sought pardon. As for foreign nations, those which I was able to safely forgive, I preferred to preserve than to destroy.
About five hundred thousand Roman citizens were sworn to me. I led something more than three hundred thousand of them into colonies and I returned them to their cities, after their stipend had been earned, and I assigned all of them fields or gave them money for their military service.
I captured six hundred ships in addition to those smaller than triremes. Twice I triumphed with an ovation, and three times I enjoyeda curule triumph and twenty one times I was named emperor.
When the senate decreed more triumphs for me, I sat out from all of them. I placed the laurel from the fasces in the Capitol, when the vows which I pronounced in each war had been fulfilled. On account of the things successfully done by me and through my officers, under my auspices, on earth and sea, the senate decreed fifty-five times that there be sacrifices to the immortal gods.
Moreover there were days on which the senate decreed there would be sacrifices.
In my triumphs kings and nine children of kings were led before my chariot. I had been consul thirteen times, when I wrote this, and I was in the thirty-seventh year of tribunician power 14 A. When the dictatorship was offered to me, both in my presence and my absence, by the people and senate, when Marcus Marcellus and Lucius Arruntius were consuls 22 B.
I did not evade the curatorship of grain in the height of the food shortage, which I so arranged that within a few days I freed the entire city from the present fear and danger by my own expense and administration. When the annual and perpetual consulate was then again offered to me, I did not accept it.
What the senate then wanted to accomplish through me, I did through tribunician power, and five times on my own accord I both requested and received from the senate a colleague in such power. I was triumvir for the settling of the state for ten continuous years.
I was first of the senate up to that day on which I wrote this, for forty years. I was high priest, augur, one of the Fifteen for the performance of rites, one of the Seven of the sacred feasts, brother of Arvis, fellow of Titus, and Fetial.
When I was consul the fifth time 29 B. I read the roll of the senate three times, and in my sixth consulate 28 B. I made a census of the people with Marcus Agrippa as my colleague. I conducted a lustrum, after a forty-one year gap, in which lustrum were counted 4, heads of Roman citizens.
Then again, with consular imperium I conducted a lustrum alone when Gaius Censorinus and Gaius Asinius were consuls 8 B. And the third time, with consular imperium, I conducted a lustrum with my son Tiberius Caesar as colleague, when Sextus Pompeius and Sextus Appuleius were consuls 14 A.
By new laws passed with my sponsorship, I restored many traditions of the ancestors, which were falling into disuse in our age, and myself I handed on precedents of many things to be imitated in later generations.
The senate decreed that vows be undertaken for my health by the consuls and priests every fifth year. In fulfillment of these vows they often celebrated games for my life; several times the four highest colleges of priests, several times the consuls.
Also both privately and as a city all the citizens unanimously and continuously prayed at all the shrines for my health. By a senate decree my name was included in the Saliar Hymn, and it was sanctified by a law, both that I would be sacrosanct for ever, and that, as long as I would live, the tribunician power would be mine.
I was unwilling to be high priest in the place of my living colleague; when the people offered me that priesthood which my father had, I refused it.A copy below of the deeds of the divine Augustus, by which he subjected the whole wide earth to the rule of the Roman people, and of the money which he spent for the state and Roman people, inscribed on two bronze pillars, which are set up in Rome.
1. The Res Gestae Divi Augusti ("the achievements of the deified Augustus") are the official autobiography of Augustus, the man who had renovated the Roman Empire during his long reign from 31 BCE to 14 CE.
The text tells us how he wanted to be remembered. Augustus and adorned the entrance to his house with laurel trees and the civic crown. It also placed on display in the Curia Iulia, the chamber where it met, a golden shield engraved with Augustus’ virtues: virtus (valor), clementia (clemency), iustitia (justice),and pietas (piety;observance of one’s duty toward both gods and fellow men).
Res Gestae Divi Augusti. Original title: "The achievements of the divine Augustus, by which he brought the world under the empire of the Roman people and the expenses which he bore for the state and the people of Rome.". Composed above all for the people of Rome: many acts of generosity to provincial cities are not included..
Summary of the Res Gestae . This paper aims to provide the analysis of the "The Deeds of Divine Augustus" which is the funerary inscription of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. In it, Free Essays; The Deeds of Divine Augustus or Res Gestae Divi Augusti is the first hand inscription of the first emperor who united the Great Roman Empire, Augustus.
In this short. An Analysis of Ideals and Values of Rome in the First Century and Britain in Eighth Century with a Focus on Beowulf and Augustus Personalities ( words, 3 pages) Heroic qualities have always been debatable but historians tend to agree that the qualities of a hero are a reflection of the values of the society.