It is comforting to know that, according to recent crime statistics, crime rates are dropping among adults.
References Introduction The causes of juvenile delinquency have being a field that many scholars have built their research on.
Juvenile violence is a key issue in the corridors of justice on a global scale. However, juvenile violence focuses on the punishment rather than development of mechanisms that may be instrumental in prevention and intervention at early stage in life Winterdyk, There are two outstanding themes in this literature review.
First theme is that various life events and immediate environment including home, school, and neighborhood is essential in shaping ones trajectory as ones transit from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. The second theme is that identifying such life events is the determining factor of delinquent behavior.
In summary, the pathway to crime for a child is greatly dependent on the social bonds that exist in the society. The social support relations that ensure a smooth transition from childhood to adulthood are no longer functional Brook, et al.
Issues such as unemployment, inadequate housing facilities, absence of social services, local authority disintegration, irrelevant educational systems, and peer pressure are some of the challenges facing the 21st century youth.
Their trials were held as adults, they served their terms in jails and penitentiaries. The judicial system offered few options and hence youth regardless of the age and gender were confined together with hardened adult criminal and the mentally challenged culprits in overcrowded penal institutions.
In most cases, their crimes did not amount for such harsh treatment. Thomas Eddy and John Griscom were advocating for youths below the age of eighteen to be treated differently from adults. They also urged for the creation of a new type of reformation institution.
This gave rise to New York House of Refuge.
They housed youth with traits of delinquency, or those who were incorrigible. The houses of refuge were faced with the same challenges of overcrowding, abuse, and poor management.
New reforms put emphasis on educations for the delinquent youths as the way for reformation. This saw the rise of reform school known as training and industrial schools. Risk Factors Contributing to Juvenile Delinquency Delinquency is defined as an act or behavior done by a juvenile that is socially undesirable Sirohi, A juvenile is a minor below the legal age depending on the country who cannot be held accountable for their criminal behavior.
Juvenile delinquency is thus an antisocial act that is illegal or criminalistics in nature done persistently by a minor and cannot be handled by the parent or guardian but requires the help of law enforcement agencies as the act threatens the well-being of the society Sirohi, Despite the diversity of underlying factors leading up to delinquency, they all have similar underlying themes.
These physical conditions of the child may influence their behavior in several ways.
First, the physical disabilities may be the direct cause of the delinquency. Secondly, to compensate for these disabilities, the child may engage in delinquent behavior.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. essay organization types.
A worker wades in the water as he inspects abandoned bicycles during the draining of the Canal Saint-Martin in Paris, France, January 5, Published: Mon, 5 Dec Juvenile delinquency is a common problem that all societies seem to face.
Although it is apparent that all juveniles will at some point in their life commit some sort of delinquent act, it is unclear as to why juveniles behave this way. A Review of Literature on Juvenile Delinquency Learning Team A PSYCH/ Dr. Kathyrne Mueller A Review of Literature on Juvenile Delinquency Article: Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents.
Article: Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents. The most common co-occurring mental health disorder . During the formative years of contemporary psychiatry much attention was paid to the continuing role of past traumatic experiences on the current lives of people.